Mobile Learning (Trends in Adult Education)

One of the focuses of trends in my field assignment was mobile technology, I wanted to explore what the trend of mobile technology was also having in Adult Education, and more specifically the world of Nursing Education.

Mobile technologies as we know them today “smart phones, PDAs etc”  were introduced in the late 90s’ and given how attached we have become to these devices in our daily lives I am not surprised that they have found broadened use not only within daily life, but healthcare and educational purposes as well. While there are drawbacks to technology the good continues to outweigh the bad and we continue to be able to develop innovate ways to gain efficiencies from them in tasks and as mediums for learning.

I came across this partial Article and found myself wanting more! how dare someone post a partial article/review on the internet! 

Luckily even though my initial article was only a portion of information it lead me to  looking at Marguerite Koole and her theoretical model for M-Learning (Mobile Learning) This comprehensive model covers different aspects of mobile learning, including the device itself, considering usability and the learners characteristics and well as social aspects in interaction with mobile devices in M-Learning.



“In Nursing Education Goldsworthy, Lawrence and Goodman (2006) reported a significant increase in self-efficacy among student nurses when using PDAs in administering medications. Instructors also benefited from students having access to mobile devices to keep records of student assignments and checklists for completing physical assessments, as a source of point-of-care reference (drug software) and to document student progress on-the-spot”

There has been a lot of focus on M-Learning, and many have researched and reported on it. The Journal of Distance Education did an  exploratory formative evaluation of a project to integrate mobile learning into a Western Canadian college nursing program.

Applying Koole’s FRAME Model in Nursing Practice Education

“In past work (Kenny et al., 2009), we pointed out that the delivery of nursing education requires physical mobility throughout the community and does not lend itself to direct teaching supervision models. We asked if m-learning, as represented by the FRAME model (Koole, 2009), could be implemented and sustained in independent nursing practice education settings.”

They concluded in part that at a minimum, mobile devices have the potential to be very effective in allowing student’s and instructors  access to resources at the point-of-care and that it improved the overall learning experience.

There is often the concern that having to learn to use the technology itself can be a barrier. The report outlined that in most cases a majority of participants reported being able to learn and then utilize the apps and technology within a hour.

-Thoughts and Reflections-

A new key insight for me is that we continue to evolve learning mediums, theories, philosophies and principals  from formal structured settings, to online or e-learning and now M-Learning. To me this also mimics the growth and development of Pedagogy to Andragogy to Heutagogy.


This new insight about M-Learning will play an important role for me in my field at work. I mentioned previously that my role in the workplace will include the development of curriculum for the use of Procura Mobile Technology as well as the facilitation of this learning. I feel this research and considering these idea’s through this assignment have made me more acutely aware of the trends and the solid research and philosophies of M-Learning. I am excited at incorporating some of what I learned here in that project.

Creative Commons License
Mobile Tech and Adult Learning by Bryce Walker is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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